The West African Dwarf goat breed from coastal West and Central Africa is the progenitor of the African Pygmy and Nigerian Dwarf breeds in the United States, and the Dutch Dwarf and Pygmy goat breeds in Great Britain. This breed probably evolved in response to the conditions in the humid forests of West and Central Africa.

The West African Dwarf goat is markedly stunted and has a typical height of 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in). Adult males weigh 20 to 25 kg (44 to 55 lb) and females 18 to 22 kg (40 to 49 lb). Both sexes have horns, which curve outwards and backwards in males. Males also have beards, and sometimes manes. The neck is relatively long, the chest is broad and the back straight. The legs are short and the udder is small but usually well-shaped. Most types have short stiff hair, and the colour varies; dark brown with black points is probably the most common, but black, red, white, pied and multicoloured goats also occur.

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